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principles:liskov_substitution_principle

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principles:liskov_substitution_principle [2016-03-07 22:17]
66.228.70.98 [Strategies] fix typo (waken -> weaken)
principles:liskov_substitution_principle [2018-05-27 18:40]
2600:6c56:7a00:e45:0:7bb6:125a:4a85
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 ===== Description ===== ===== Description =====
  
-Object-oriented programming languages allow to derive subtypes from base types and subtype polymorphism allows to pass an object of a subtype where ever an object of the supertype is specified. Suppose ''P'' and ''Q'' are types (i.e. classes or ''interface''s) and ''Q'' is derived from ''P'' (so ''Q'' is the subtype and ''P'' is the base type or supertype). A method ''m'' requiring a parameter of type ''P'' can be called with objects of type ''Q'' because every object of type ''Q'' is also an object of type ''P''. This is always true as typically object-oriented programming languages are constructed in that way.+Object-oriented programming languages permit the derivation of subtypes from base typesand subtype polymorphism allows the passing of an object of a subtype where ever an object of the supertype is specified. Suppose ''P'' and ''Q'' are types (i.e. classes or ''interface''s) and ''Q'' is derived from ''P'' (so ''Q'' is the subtype and ''P'' is the base type or supertype). A method ''m'' requiring a parameter of type ''P'' can be called with objects of type ''Q'' because every object of type ''Q'' is also an object of type ''P''. This is always true as typically object-oriented programming languages are constructed in that way.
  
-But the programming language does not enforce that the subtype also behaves like the supertype. Method ''m'' may work with an object of type ''P'' but not with an object of type ''Q''. LSP demands that a subtype (''Q'' in the example) has to be constructed in a way that it behaves like the supertype if it is called through the supertype interface. ''Q'' may have further methods and it may do additional things not observable by ''m'' but ''m'' shall be able to safely assume that its parameter behaves like an object of type ''P'' with respect to all observable state.+The programming language does not enforce that the subtype behaves like the supertype. Method ''m'' may work with an object of type ''P''but not with an object of type ''Q''. LSP demands that a subtype (''Q'' in the example) has to be constructed in a way that it behaves like the supertype if it is called through the supertype interface. ''Q'' may have further methods and it may do additional things not observable by ''m'' but ''m'' shall be able to safely assume that its parameter behaves like an object of type ''P'' with respect to all observable state.
  
  
principles/liskov_substitution_principle.txt · Last modified: 2018-05-27 18:40 by 2600:6c56:7a00:e45:0:7bb6:125a:4a85